Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020)
Articles

The relationship between high school GPA and information literacy pre and post-test scores

Eric Shannon
Keene State College
Published December 19, 2020
Keywords
  • information literacy, assessment, high school gpa, library instruction
How to Cite
Shannon, E. (2020). The relationship between high school GPA and information literacy pre and post-test scores. Journal of New Librarianship, 5(1), 150-182. https://doi.org/10.33011/newlibs/9/16

Abstract

Although many studies explore the effect of library instruction on information literacy test scores, there are far fewer studies exploring the relationship between high school Grade Point Average (GPA) and scores on information literacy pre- and post-tests of first year college students. This research study compares the scores of three cohorts of Franklin Pierce University students--honors students, Center Scholars (students with a cumulative high school GPA of below 2.5) and Average GPA students --on an information literacy pre-test administered in the first two weeks of the fall, and a similar post-test administered after students have attended a library instruction session. The results of this study show a relationship between high school GPA and pre-test scores and reveal an even stronger relationship between high school GPA and scores on the post-test, with honors students attaining the highest scores and Center Scholars the lowest. This article proposes explanations for these results as well as recommendations for addressing the test score disparities between these three cohorts.